Veterinarians Added to Department of Home Affairs’ Priority Migration Skilled Occupation List

The Migration Team at Tang Law are pleased to hear of the proposed addition of veterinarians to the Priority Migration Skilled Occupation List (PMSOL).

We understand there is substantial demand for skilled veterinarians nationally, and the Australian labour market is unable to fill these gaps.

Tang Law has substantial experience in assisting veterinarians and employers with finding suitable visa options.

We look forward to the Australian government adding this occupation to the PMSOL.

About Writer

Sophie Manera is a Partner and Registered Migration Agent at Tang Law. She practices exclusively in immigration law. She is also the Vice-President of the Migration Institute of Australia’s Western Australia State Committee.

Sophie represents visa applicants, sponsors and businesses in lodging applications, attending to complex migration matters, making submissions to the Department of Home Affairs, and representing applicants in the tribunals and courts.

Federal Budget - Migration Planning Update

Australia Federal Budget 2020/21 – Migration Program Updates

Due to Covid-19 travel restrictions, the number of net overseas migration has been significantly affected in Australia. While net overseas migration was planned to be 271,300 this year, it is now expected to fall to just 35,000 in 2020-2021.

The Government is well aware of the positive impact which migration has on the Australian economy. The government has sought to address the impact which COVID-19 has had on the Australian economy by making some changes to the Australian Migration Program and Planning Levels. Below is a summary of the main factors that have been addressed in relation to Australian migration and the 2020 budget:

2020-2021 Migration Program Levels

The current cap of 160,000 will stay in place. However, there will be a focus on family stream visas with an increase from 47,732 places to 77,300. This will be applicable for the 2020-21 migration program only and can be expected to return to the lower cap next migration program.

Onshore visa applications and partner visa applicants whose sponsors live in designated reginal areas of Australia will be prioritised by the Department for the 2020-21 migration program.

The Employer Sponsored, Global Talent, and Business Innovation and Investment Program will have priority placed on the skilled streams for this year migration program.

Further information can be found at: https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/what-we-do/migration-program-planning-levels




Subclass 494 visa will replace the 187 (RSMS) visa on 16 November 2019.

This is a 5 year provisional visa.  If you meet the visa conditions, you can apply for subclass 191 permanent visa.

Are you eligible for 494 visa?

You must meet the following:

  • Your employer must be located in a designated regional area of Australia and have obtained approval from the Regional Certifying Body (RCB) in your area.
    • (NOTE: The entire State of Western Australia becomes regional area on 16 November 2019)
  • Your position is on the relevant occupation list. There is over 700 occupations listed in the instrument for 494 visa.
    • The position must be full-time, genuine and likely to be available for five years
    • You must be paid at the market salary rate
  • You hold and obtain positive skills assessment.
  • You have at least three years of full time and relevant skilled work experience.
  • You are under 45 years of age
  • You must demonstrate Competent English

Pathway to Permanent Residency!

You can apply for subclass 191 (Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional)) visa if you meet the following requirements:

  • You hold 494 or 491 visa.
  • You have worked in the designated regional area for at least three years.
  • Either you or your partner made an income of at least $53,900 annually for past three years.

Difference between 494 Visa and 187 Visa

There are 2 main differences compared to the subclass 187 (RSMS) visa:

  1. 494 visa is a provisional visa, not a permanent visa.
  2. You do NOT require the employer’s nomination to apply for the 191 visa.

Are you on 482 Visa?


  1. You are on 482 visa (especially short-term 2 year visa);


  1. You are on the new 494 visa occupation list;

You should consider switching to 494 visa as soon as possible, as the new 494 visa will give you a pathway to permanent residency through subclass 191 visa, whereas the subclass 482 (short term) visa does NOT allow you to apply for permanent visa.


Kelvin Tang has over 14 years’ experience practising law in Western Australia. He is the founder and Principal Partner of Tang Law based in Perth, Western Australia. Kelvin is a Registered Migration Agent (MARN: 1386452) and has extensive experience in providing migration advice to clients, advising on “Eligible Businesses” within the definition of the Migration Regulations, assisting migrants (investor of the business) with satisfying migration requirements, making visa applications and appealing cancelled or refused visas in the Federal Court of Australia, Administrative Appeals Tribunal and Migration Review Tribunal. Kelvin also has extensive experience in civil litigation, commercial and corporate law matters.



“I’ve lived here my whole life, why should I apply for Australian citizenship?”

This is a common question we receive from our clients when the subject of citizenship is raised in the course of providing migration assistance.

For many of our clients who have lived in Australia for the majority of their lives, it is hard to imagine a situation where this could change, and for them to imagine themselves as anything other than Australian, as in the recently reported case of Edward McHugh.

The answer to this question is quite shocking. Since the amendments to the Migration Act 1958 (“the Act”), passed in December 2014, there has been an alarming increase in the number of visa cancellations, in the order of 1400%.

The Department of Home Affairs’ powers to cancel visas are extremely broad. Cancellations under Section 116(1)(e) of the Act, on the basis that the visa holder’s continued presence in Australia is a threat to a segment of the community or good public order, are becoming more and more common, and enable the Department to cancel visas before a finding of criminal guilt is even determined.

Meaning that you could have your visa cancelled before even being found guilty of the offence you are being charged with, and even if you are acquitted at trial, an application for merits review before the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) is required to reverse the consequential visa cancellation.

This is in addition to the powers under Section 501 of the Act to automatically cancel visas upon the finding of criminal guilt, where you are sentenced to a period of imprisonment of a period of 12 months or more, and which may come with a lifetime ban from re-entering Australia. This ground has been used to cancel the visas of over 1,000 New Zealand citizens over the last two years.

To ensure that a heavy price is not paid for what can often be “one mistake”, a grant of Australian Citizenship is the best safeguard you can obtain to make sure you are not deported from the place where you have expended so much energy to make your home.

Am I Eligible for Australian Citizenship?

The eligibility requirements are fairly straightforward:

  • Satisfy the residency requirement: Be present in Australia for at least 4 years prior to the application, and present as a Permanent Resident for at least 12 months prior to the application.
  • Satisfy the “Character Test”: In order to be successful, you must demonstrate that you have obeyed the laws of Australia over your residence, and that you possess the moral qualities that the Australian community would expect of those wanting to become citizens.
  • Permanent Residency: This is the most challenging aspect for someone to wanting to become an Australian Citizen to overcome. for this, you must either –
    • Hold a Residence visa, allowing you to remain in Australia indefinitely; or
    • In the case of New Zealand Citizens, be present in Australia on, or prior to 26 February 2001.

Although the close diplomatic ties between New Zealand and Australia entitle New Zealand Citizens to a Special Category (Subclass 444) Visa, which enables them to remain in Australia for as long as they choose with unlimited work and study rights, this is only a temporary visa, and those wishing to obtain Australian Citizenship must look to obtaining Permanent Residency first.

There are also various exceptions, which may be available to you if you do not strictly meet the eligibility criteria. For more information on these options, contact us for more information.

Certain additional requirements may be imposed by reason of age and mental capacity. For more information on these requirements, contact our office.

I Have Previous Convictions In Australia or My Home Country, Am I Still Eligible?

The matter of character is more complicated in the context of Applications for Australian Citizenship, the answer is, it depends, but you may still be eligible for Australian Citizenship.

The “character test” for citizenship is more concerned with someone’s behaviour as a whole, and whether an overall assessment of the individual’s conduct is conducive to the view that the person exhibits the moral qualities the Australian Community would come to expect from them.

This is an assessment, which would come down to an assessment of the individual facts of each case.

For more information about applying for Australian Citizenship, appealing from decisions to refuse an application for Australian Citizenship, permanent residency, character concerns, and any other enquiry you may have in relation to the process of applying for Australian Citizenship, we strongly encourage you to contact our experienced migration lawyers for a discounted initial consultation to obtain assistance for your citizenship matters.

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Stephen Mintz joined Tang Law in November 2017 and was admitted at the Supreme Court of Western Australia as Barrister and Solicitor in 2018. Stephen enjoys working in environments that allow him to use all areas of legal knowledge at his disposal to assist and guide clients to develop creative, practical and effective means to achieve their aims.

Stephen has extensive experience in assisting with the provision migration advice in connection with visa applications, as well as, appealing cancelled or refused visas, including, the preparation of relevant documents and submissions for applications for merits review before the Administrative Appeals Tribunal. He has extensive experience in advising clients in the areas of Commercial Law, Criminal Law, and Civil Litigation matters before the Supreme and District Courts of Western Australia, as well as, the Federal Court of Australia.



In the recent years, we noticed a significant increase in number of cases involving misleading or deceptive conduct and breach of contract in property development projects.

Case Study

In one of our recent cases, our client is a successful business migrant from PRC and does not speak any English. Through a friend who lives in Australia, also from China, our client was introduced to a local property development company. The company introduced land subdivision project to our client stating that:

  1. Our client needs to only invest $920k into the project company.
  2. The return on investment is 20% per year
  3. The project will be completed in 2 years.

The friend was present at all meetings and was translating for our client.  Our client relied heavily on and trusted the friend.  The friend helped the company convince our client that the project is very profitable.  Our client ultimately invested $920m and flew back to China.  After almost 6 years, our client did not receive any money back from the company.

Australia Consumer Law

Under the Australia Consumer Law (“ACL”), previously known as the Trade Practices Act, a person is prohibited from engaging in conduct that is likely to mislead another person. Intention to mislead is not required!   What is “misleading conduct”?

  • Any promise or representation made, even though it may be true at that time, but became incorrect or untrue at a later stage is false and misleading for ACL purposes.
  • Any promises or representation about a future matter made without reasonable basis is also false and misleading for ACL purposes.

Back to our client’s case, all of the representations made by the company were false. Our client never received the 20% return on investment or any money from the investment.

Upon investigation, we found that the company has used the project company’s funds to invest into other projects without our client’s consent.  We also found that that the project company and the director of the project company own properties valued between $3.5 to $4m.

We commenced action in the Supreme Court of Western Australia against the project company, the Company, and the director personally, for “misleading or deceptive conduct” and for breach of contract, claiming in excess of $4m in loss or damages.

At the same time, we made a strategic move in applying to the Court and successfully freeze all the assets of the company and the director.

The case went to trial and the Court found in our client’s favour.  Our client received compensation of approximately $3.5m.

High Court Case

Misleading conduct” is one of the most commonly used legal ground to commence legal action.

In a High Court Case, Henville and Another v Walker and another (2001) 182 ALR 37, the appellants purchased a block of land to subdivide into smaller blocks. The representations made by the Respondent as to the anticipated selling prices of the subdivided blocks were substantially overestimated. The project was undertaken and the appellants suffered loss.

The High Court decided that the respondent’s misrepresentations contravened the Act and has caused loss sustained by the appellants.

Concluding Remark

If you suspect that you may lose your investment, you should act as soon as possible, before the company you invested in goes into financial trouble.  If the company is already in financial troubles, then we need to immediately search whether its directors and all persons involved in the misleading conduct to determine whether they have any assets.

The ACL has a very wide operation.  It catches every person who is involved in the misleading conduct and such person could become personally liable to compensate you for your loss sustained.

Also, there is a limitation period at law.  You will be barred from commencing legal action if you missed the limitation period.  Please do not wait if you suspect that your investment may be loss.


Kelvin Tang has over 14 years’ experience practising law in Western Australia. He is the founder and Principal Partner of Tang Law based in Perth, Western Australia. Kelvin is a Registered Migration Agent (MARN: 1386452) and has extensive experience in providing migration advice to clients, advising on “Eligible Businesses” within the definition of the Migration Regulations, assisting migrants (investor of the business) with satisfying migration requirements, making visa applications and appealing cancelled or refused visas in the Federal Court of Australia, Administrative Appeals Tribunal and Migration Review Tribunal. Kelvin also has extensive experience in civil litigation, commercial and corporate law matters.

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