Additional Changes to JobKeeper Payment

We recently published an article detailing the changes to the JobKeeper payment and the extension announced by the Federal government: https://tanglaw.com.au/jobkeeper-payment-eligibility/

Due to the increased lockdown measures in Victoria forcing several industries to cease working, on 7 August 2020 the Treasurer Josh Frydenberg announced additional changes to the JobKeeper payment.  We provide the following update on these changes.

The changes include moving the relevant date of employment for employees and changing the employer’s eligibility requirements for the JobKeeper extension. The relaxation of the eligibility requirements means more support to employers and their workers.

Employer eligibility

Under the previous guidelines, a business would have needed to record an actual GST turnover loss for the June, September and December quarters of this year to be eligible for the JobKeeper extension.

The new changes for employer eligibility are:

  • From 28 September 2020, eligibility will be determined by assessing actual GST turnover in the September quarter, 2020 only;
  • From 4 January 2021, eligibility will be determined by assessing actual GST turnover in the December quarter, 2020 only.

Employee eligibility

From 3 August 2020 the relevant date of employment moved from 1 March 2020 until 1 July 2020, meaning an employee who was employed before 1 July 2020 will be eligible for the JobKeeper payment provided their employer is eligible. This includes:

  • casuals who have been with their employers on a regular and systematic basis and have achieved 12 months service by 1 July 2020; and
  • employees who hold a permanent visa or a Special Category (Subclass 444) visa as at 1 July 2020.

Further information can be found at: www.ato.gov.au/General/JobKeeperPayment/Employers/.

If you require specific advice concerning the interaction between the Fair Work Act 2009 and the JobKeeper Payment program, please contact us at [email protected].


JobKeeper Payment to be extended until 28 March 2020 – Are you eligible?

On 21 July 2020, Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced that his government will continue to support households and businesses during the CVOID-19 pandemic. The Prime Minister confirmed that the JobKeeper subsidy will be extended until 28 March 2021 and the Coronavirus Supplement for those on JobSeeker will be extended until 31 December 2020.

When the JobKeeper payment was revealed in March 2020, it was due to end on 27 September 2020. However, the Prime Minister stated that the extension of the JobKeeper Payment is intended to provide further support to businesses and bolster the economy.

Is the JobKeeper payment the same from 28 September 2020?

No. From 28 September 2020 until 28 March 2021, the JobKeeper payment will be reduced incrementally from the current $1500 per fortnight to $1000 per fortnight. Further, for employees who work less than 20 hours per fortnight, their employer will receive a reduced payment. Employers will need to nominate which payment rate they are claiming for each eligible employee.

JobKeeper Payment rates from 28 September 2020 to 28 March 2021:

Date Full rate per fortnight Reduced rate – when less than 20 hours worked per fortnight
28 September 2020 to

3 January 2021

$1,200 $750
4 January 2021 to

28 March 2021

$1,000 $650

If my business is currently receiving the JobKeeper payment, will I continue to do so after 28 September 2020?

Yes, but only if you can demonstrate that you have suffered a reduction in the June quarter (April, May, June) and September quarter (July, August, September) turnovers. You will need to demonstrate that your business has experienced a decline during both of those quarters to be eligible for payment in the December quarter.

To receive payment for the period of 4 January 2021 to 28 March 2021, you will need to again demonstrate that the turnover has fallen in each of the June, September, and December quarters (October, November, December) of 2020 in comparison to the same quarters in 2019.

If my business was not eligible for JobKeeper previously, but it is now, can I still apply?

Yes, the JobKeeper payment is still available for new participants who meet the eligibility requirements during any of those periods mentioned above.

What are the eligibility requirements for businesses and not-for-profits?

You will need to demonstrate that you have experienced a decline in turnover of:

  • 50 per cent for those with an aggregated turnover of more than $1 billion;
  • 30 per cent for those with an aggregated turnover of $1 billion or less; or
  • 15 per cent for Australian Charities and Not-for-profit Commission-registered charities (excluding schools and universities).

I received a rent reduction because I was eligible for JobKeeper. How will the extension of the JobKeeper payment impact on my lease?

The announcement of the JobKeeper extension does not directly impact the state-based Commercial Tenancies (COVID-19 Response) Act 2020 or the associated WA code of conduct. It is likely that the WA Government will consider this issue in the near future. We will keep you updated when further information is available.

For more information on the eligibility requirements, please visit:

If you require specific advice concerning the interaction between the Fair Work Act 2009 and the JobKeeper Payment program, please contact us at [email protected]


New Ruling : Casual Staff and Annual Leave Entitlements

An important recent decision by the Full Court of the Federal Court in WorkPac Pty Ltd v Rossato [2020] FCAFC 84 has confirmed that a casual employee can be deemed to be a permanent employee, despite the wording of the employment contract and the payment of a casual loading. Rossato follows the Full Court’s decision of WorkPac Pty Ltd v Skene [2018] FCAFC 131 which considered a similar issue involving the same employer. Interestingly enough it was WorkPac which commenced proceedings in Court following the Skene decision finding that an employee was deemed to be a permanent employee despite wording of the written contract.


Mr Rossato was an employee of WorkPac from 28 July 2014 to 9 April 2018 under six consecutive contracts of employment. WorkPac treated each employment period as causal employment and deemed Mr Rossato as a casual employee. Following the Skene decision, Mr Rossato claimed that he should be considered as a permanent employee and sought outstanding entitlements to paid annual leave, paid personal/carer’s leave, paid compassionate leave and public holiday pay in accordance with the Fair Work Act 2009 (Act) and the relevant enterprise agreement, commensurate with that status.

WorkPac commenced proceedings and sought declarations that Mr Rossato was a casual employee. WorkPac argued that:

  • pursuant to Mr Rossato’s six contracts of employment, at common law and for the purposes of the Act and the enterprise agreement, Mr Rossato was a casual employee;
  • Mr Rossato’s pay incorporated a 25% casual loading and WorkPac was entitled to set off the entitlements owing to Mr Rossato;
  • due to total failure of consideration or by mistake, Workpac was entitled to recover part of the remuneration paid to Mr Rossato in accordance with the enterprise agreement.

Full Court decision

The Full Court confirmed that a defining attribute of a casual employee is that they do not have firm advance commitment from the employer. On the other hand, Mr Rossato’s employment contracts demonstrated firm advance commitment for the following reasons:

  • Mr Rossato worked regular and predictable hours;
  • Mr Rossato was offered free on-site accommodation during his shifts;
  • Mr Rossato could accept and reject the shifts offered to him;
  • Mr Rossato’s shifts were pre-programmed long in advance;
  • WorkPac could stand down Mr Rossato in circumstances of a strike, breakdown of machinery, or any stoppage of work for any cause for which WorkPac could not be held reasonably responsible;
  • the extended nature of the contracts which stated that the length of an assignment is a guide only and may vary; and
  • the language of the contract, which stated that the standard ordinary hours were 35 to 38 hours per week, which are the same as the ordinary hours of full-time employees under the enterprise agreement.

Further, the Full Court held that due to the wording of the contracts, the entitlement to leave could not be satisfied by set-off payment instead of taking leave.

Recommendations for employers

  • Review your current casual contracts to ensure the set off provisions are clearly drafted and that the casual loading is a separate identifiable amount – statements of ‘in lieu of those benefits’ may not hold when tested
  • Review your casual-to-permanent arrangements and ensure that there is documentation stating that an employee consents to remaining casual
  • Review the Modern Award that applies to your employees and check when the business has to offer permanency to casual employees and ensure that you are meeting the requirements of the Modern Award
  • Ensure that you do not roster your employees’ shifts too far in advance as this may indicate firm advance commitment associated with permanent status

To obtain further employment information or to have your current arrangements reviewed please contact the team at Tang Law on +61 8 9328 7525 (Perth) +61 3 9013 7313 (Melbourne) or at [email protected]

#Casual Staff Entitlement #Casual Staff Contract Review

About Writer

Martin Koshy is the Litigation and Dispute Resolution Partner at Tang Law.  Martin practices in the areas of Employment Law, Commercial Litigation and Personal Injury and Compensation Law.

Tang Law represents both employers and employees in a wide range of employment law matters, including drafting and review of employment and other workplace contracts and representation in unfair dismissal claims.


Reckless and Dangerous Driving | Penalties and Legal Action

If you are caught driving a motor vehicle on any length of road in Western Australia above the speed limit designated for that section of road, then you will receive a penalty. The penalty changes and gets higher (usually in terms of a fine and/or license disqualification received) depending on how far over the speed limit you are travelling at the time.

If the police consider your driving to be inherently dangerous, or in the circumstances a danger to the public or any person, then you can be charged with Driving in a Reckless Manner. One of the factors that automatically makes a person’s manner of driving Reckless is if they are travelling over 155km/h or 45km/h over the speed limit on any stretch road.

Penalties for Driving at Reckless Speed

The penalties for driving in a Reckless Manner or at Reckless Speed are contained in the Road Traffic Act 1974 (WA) and vary depending on the situation. In all circumstances however, an offender charged under these sections of the Road Traffic Act is liable to serve a potential term of imprisonment and will lose their license for at least 6 months.

If prison is avoided (which it can be in most situations) then offenders still face some pretty big fines, to go along with the loss of license. These include:

  • A fine of up to $6,000 for a first offence
  • A fine of up to $9,000 for a second offence
  • A fine of up to $12,000 for any subsequent offence

The penalties involved in any particular case vary and take into account many different factors, however, in most cases they are not fixed and can be kept to a minimum with good legal representation.

What to do if you are charged with Driving at Reckless Speed

If you are caught driving at a speed that is considered reckless according to either of the 2 above criteria from the Road Traffic Act, then you will be given a summons to appear at court and should seek legal representation as soon as possible.

Tang Law’s team of lawyers can help to minimize the effect of the charge and get you the lowest penalty possible; keeping the license disqualification period to a minimum, making sure the fine is well below the maximum and keeping you out of jail!

What can you expect from an experienced traffic lawyer?

An effective and experience traffic lawyer will:

  1. Always, fully examine your situation (including all material facts giving rise to and circumstances surrounding the charge;
  2. Determine the likely and realistic consequences the charge will have on you;
  3. Understand your personal circumstance and provide you with effective options on defending you or mitigating your situation;
  4. Undertake effective communication and negotiation with Police Prosecution;
  5. Obtain useful character references; and
  6. All importantly, professional and effective representation in court to defend you and present your best possible case

For more information, please contact the writer, Mr Adam Ward, Associate Lawyer, at TANG LAW at 9328 7525 or [email protected]

#Traffic Offences for Driving Without a License #Criminal Law

About Writer

Adam Ward was admitted into the legal profession in the Supreme Court of Western Australia in 2015 and joined Tang Law in May 2019. Mr Ward is an experience Criminal and Traffic Lawyer with extensive experience in representing clients in Courts on all issues relating to Traffic Law, Criminal Law, and Criminal Injury Compensation.


Defamation: What Can You Do If You Are A Victim

 General damages of up to $407,500 can be awarded in Western Australia

Types of Injuries

It can inflict serious injury to the Defamation statement made in a public forum can have severe adverse impact on a person. victim’s personal and professional reputation.

Additional adverse implications will flow on from the injury to reputation, including social damage where the victim may, in a social context, be subject to being avoided or singled-out by peers and associates.  In more serious situation, a group of people influenced by the defamatory conduct may humiliate, abuse, ridicule or even “bully” the victim and the victim’s family.

Unfortunately, the impact does not stop there.  The defamatory statement can cause injury to feelings, such as grief, distress, anxiety, and loss of self-esteem.

All of these injuries (reputation damage, social damage, and injury to feeling and health) are commonly known as non-economic damages.

The Court has the power to order the culprit to compensate the victim for non-economic damages and the maximum award (as at 2019) is $407,500.

Aggravated Circumstances

In addition to the non-economic damages of $407,500, the Court has the power to award further damages in aggravated circumstances.

For example, where the person making the defamatory statement was warned to retract the statement or asked to make amends, the person refused but instead continued to make further defamatory statements.   The Court will order aggravated damages in this instance over and above  the compensatory damages.

What Can You Do If You Are a Victim?

It can be very costly to be involved in litigation.  However, statistics show that only 97% of cases in Court eventuate to a trial.  Most civil cases will settle out of court.

If you believe you have been defamed, the least you should do is to reserve your rights, protect yourself from further injury, and “set it up” such that if the culprit unreasonably continues in his or her defamatory conduct, you have the option of commencing legal action.

This is done be issuing a Concerns Notice under the Defamation Act (WA) 2005.   For more information about what the Concerns Notice should contain, please contact us.

Criminal Defamation

In Western Australia, defamation can constitute a criminal offence.  Section 345(1) of the Criminal Code (WA) states:

A person who, without lawful excuse, publishes matter defamatory of another living person (the victim):

  • knowing the matter to be false or without having regard to whether the matter is true or false; and
  • intending to cause serious harm to the victim or any other person or without having regard to whether such harm is caused,

is guilty of a crime and is liable to imprisonment for 3 years.

Summary conviction penalty: imprisonment for 12 months and a fine of $12 000.

About Writer

Kelvin Tang has over 18 years’ experience practising law in Western Australia. He is the founder of Tang Law based in Perth, Western Australia. Kelvin is a Registered Migration Agent (MARN: 1386452) and has extensive experience in providing migration advice to clients, advising on “Eligible Businesses” within the definition of the Migration Regulations. Kelvin also has extensive experience in civil litigation, commercial and corporate law matters.

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